Received 2016 Mar 25; Revised 2016 Apr 22; Accepted 2016 Apr 26.
Management of adolescent patients with end-stage arthritis is challenging. Nonoperative treatments may be ineffective and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is rarely performed. Currently, minimal long-term data are available on the outcomes in this patient population. Our goal was to describe TKA for patients with end-stage arthritis who were aged 20 years and younger.
We identified a 95% 10-year implant survivorship utilizing standard TKA components in pediatric patients. Performing a TKA in adolescent patients has long-term potential risks including infection and bone loss but may provide pain relief and good long-term results and should be used with caution.
Adolescent orthopedics; Arthritis; Total knee arthroplasty